National Security Overview 2021

Phenomena falling within the field of competence of Supo and their development are evaluated in the national security overview.

Illustration: A brown silhouette of a crane.

Intelligence and influencing operations targeting Finland 

Intelligence services seek to use embedded human intelligence sources to obtain reliable and forward-looking information about Finland that is not otherwise available. Such operations are actively interested in securing insights into the preparation of major policy positions and details of state-of-the-art technology.

Cyber threats 

State-sponsored cyber espionage remains the most important cyber threat. Finland is a target of continual attempts at cyber espionage, with no prospect of such operations subsiding, even in the long term.

Terrorism

The main threat of terrorism in Finland is posed by individuals and small groups supporting far-right or radical Islamist ideologies. A significant part of their networking and other activities take place online and using communication applications.

Threats to critical infrastructure

Critical infrastructure is a long-term target of foreign intelligence operations in Finland. Authoritarian states can also access Finland’s critical infrastructure through legitimate activities, such as business acquisitions and joint ventures.

Dual-use products and weapons of mass destruction (WMD)

Parties seeking to procure weapons of mass destruction and components of such weaponry have directed efforts through Finland and Finnish operators. No change to Finland’s role in the dual-use item supply chain is likely in the short term.


Phenomena falling within the field of competence of the Finnish Security and Intelligence Service (Supo) and their development are evaluated in the national security overview.