Threats to critical infrastructure
Critical infrastructure is a long-term target of foreign intelligence operations in Finland. Authoritarian states can also access Finland’s critical infrastructure through legitimate activities, such as business acquisitions and joint ventures.
Operators from authoritarian states have been interested in investing in Finland’s fixed infrastructure, but few such investments have been made to date. Besides traditional fixed infrastructure, such as real estate and production facilities, critical infrastructure also includes telecommunications, and the data required for information networks and managing critical infrastructure.
Finnish network infrastructure projects have attracted the interest of operators from China and other countries.
Interest in infrastructure and telecommunication investments will probably continue. The risk to the information infrastructure is particularly high, as this can give authoritarian administrations access not only to the infrastructure itself, but also to Finnish information.
Increased monitoring of business acquisitions and investments will probably hamper the ability of authoritarian states to invest in critical functions in Finland.
Probability terms used in the report
Improbable 20 %
Possible 50 %
Probable 75 %
Highly probable 90 %
Time assessments used in the report
Short term 6 months–2 years
Medium term 2–5 years
Long term over 5 years